After Charles Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic in 1927, a company called Seaboard Air Line Railroad attracted an unusual amount of attention from investors who thought it was in the aviation business. A turning point in the appreciation of technology as a socio-cultural phenomenon is marked by Samuel Butler’s Erewhon (1872), written under the influence of the Industrial Revolution, and Darwin’s On the origin of species. Try to tell this to the champions of technology who predicted the paperless office and who now predict the networked world. Technology is used to build theaters, it is used to create video games, to develop musical systems and so much more. The design process, the structured process leading toward that goal, forms the core of the practice of technology. You should be aware that you risk prosecution – either a fine or a jail sentence – along with attendance of loss of business reputation – for misuse of technology. Over the last four decades, technology entrepreneurship has become an increasingly important global phenomenon.
Theoretical research within technology has come to be often indistinguishable from theoretical research in science, making engineering science largely continuous with ‘ordinary’ or ‘pure’ science. It is experience-based and involves the application of mathematics and science concepts in such techological systems as, but not limited to; construction, manufacturing, communications, transportation, biotechnology, and power and energy.
Travis Kalanick, Uber’s chief executive, often describes Uber as a technology platform” Use your imagination and you can think of Uber mastering all sorts of logistical problems that lead to something being delivered to a consumer. Only if your specific technology is freely available without restriction is it considered to be in the public domain. More interesting, however, was the low occurrence of responses that referred to technology as a creation process. Technology reveals the way in which people deal with nature, and create the conditions for interaction, which we then use to relate to one another. That the OED would muck up its definition of technology is especially unfortunate.
Value creation and capture are identified as two outcomes of technology entrepreneurship because the sources that create value and the sources that capture value may not be the same over the long run. This is reflected in the very title of Philosophy of technology and engineering sciences (Meijers 2009), an extensive up-to-date overview, which contains contributions to all of the topics treated here. The reasons that technology entrepreneurship needs a firm are similar to the reasons why an entrepreneur needs a firm described by Foss, Klein, and Bylund ( 2011 ). A proposed technology development project that cannot lead to achieving a plausible end state should not be funded unless it addresses other technical needs related to implementation of new technology.
Much the same could be said about Arendt, in particular her discussion of technology in The human condition (1958), although her position in the canon of humanities philosophy of technology is not as prominent. Tomorrow belongs to those who effectively and creatively interact with technology today and dream of its possibilities for tomorrow. To develop a definition of technology, DiGironimo examined the history and philosophy of technology and the literature on science education research. The committee notes that the end state based approach is similar in principal to the widely used systems engineering process to define technology development needs.