One of the areas where modern technology is most important is in the realm of communication. Unless we wake up to the damage that the gadget-filled, pharmaceutically-enhanced 21st century is doing to our brains, we could be sleepwalking towards a future in which neuro-chip technology blurs the line between living and non-living machines, and between our bodies and the outside world.
We don’t want to discount the many truly wonderful benefits of medications and medical technology but, at the same time, we have to remain aware and prepared for the potentially ironic consequences of technology in our lives. This is a beginning for them, to become aware that each new technology has drawbacks and benefits and that people have different ideas about these consequences. Feenberg points to the idea of adaptability in which technology may be reformed. It’s the welding technology that all serious race cars use – just look at an F1 or IMSA prototype car. One is not automatically a Luddite simply because they are making observations about how technology is negatively changing human behavior. From an instrumentalist point of view, technology appears as no more than a tool.
What used to work before, might not be working now, it must have got old or got replaced by modern technology Let’s look at a simple example in Transportation technology, this technology has evolved with years, we used to use steam powered trains now those have been replaced by electronic trains which move faster than steam trains.
Our brains are under the influence of an ever- expanding world of new technology: multichannel television, video games, MP3 players, the internet, wireless networks, Bluetooth links – the list goes on and on. Technology separates us from the natural world by diverting our focus from natural to human-made wonders. While we’ve found Makerbot technology to be rather limited in terms of producing entire models, making key components for traditionally hand-built models has worked well on certain projects. From the perspective of social and ecological justice, modern technologies are indefensible.
The notion of appropriate technology was developed in the 20th century by thinkers such as E. F. Schumacher and Jacques Ellul to describe situations where it was not desirable to use very new technologies or those that required access to some centralized infrastructure or parts or skills imported from elsewhere.